Meet the Expediter from Columbia

The Columbia Expediter is an innovative electric utility vehicle that has made a significant impact on a wide range of industries. With its compact design and impressive capabilities, this versatile vehicle has become a go-to solution for businesses and organizations seeking efficient, eco-friendly transportation and material handling. It will allow you to move throughout your facility with ease.

Columbia Expediter

Compact and Maneuverable
One of the standout features of the Columbia Expediter is its compact design. This makes it highly maneuverable, allowing it to navigate through tight spaces, narrow aisles, and crowded facilities with ease. Whether it’s in a busy warehouse, a large retail store, or even on a college campus, the Expediter’s nimbleness ensures that it can handle diverse tasks and environments.

Electric Power
The Columbia Expediter is powered by electricity, making it an eco-friendly choice. Its electric motor produces zero emissions, contributing to a cleaner and greener environment. The vehicle can be charged quickly, and with low operating costs, it provides a cost-effective and sustainable transportation solution.

Versatile Applications
The versatility of the Columbia Expediter is one of its defining characteristics. It’s a multifunctional vehicle capable of various tasks, including material handling, personnel transportation, and general utility duties. With a towing capacity of up to 1,000 lbs. and a lifting capacity of up to 750 lbs. it has plenty of power. Businesses across industries such as manufacturing, logistics, education, and hospitality have benefited from its adaptability.

Customizable Options
Columbia offers a range of customizable options for the Expediter, allowing businesses to tailor the vehicle to their specific needs. Whether you require a vehicle with a cargo bed, a personnel carrier, or even a combination of both, the Columbia Expediter can be configured to suit your requirements.

Safety and Comfort
The safety and comfort of the operator and passengers are paramount. The Columbia Expediter is equipped with features such as comfortable seating, ergonomic controls, and safety enhancements to ensure a secure and pleasant experience.

The Columbia Expediter has made its mark as a versatile and eco-friendly electric utility vehicle, meeting the demands of a diverse array of industries. Its compact design, customizable options, and commitment to sustainability have earned it a reputation as an efficient and cost-effective solution for businesses looking to improve their transportation and material handling operations. With a focus on innovation and adaptability, continues to set new standards in the world of electric utility vehicles.

What are Genie Telehandlers?

Genie telehandlers are a material handling  game-changer that allows operators to reach new heights and handle materials with ease. These versatile machines combine the capabilities of forklifts and cranes, making them an indispensable asset in various industries. In this article, we will dive deep into the world of Genie telehandlers, understanding their features, applications, and the impact they’ve had on the construction and material handling sectors.

Genie telehandlers, also known as telehandler forklifts or telescopic handlers, are multifunctional machines designed for lifting, transporting, and positioning materials in a wide range of applications. They’re defined by their telescopic boom, which offers impressive reach and lifting capacities, setting them apart from traditional forklifts.

Key Features of Genie Telehandlers

1. Telescopic Boom: The defining feature of a Genie telehandler is its extendable and retractable boom. This telescopic design allows for greater reach and versatility in handling materials and loads. On some models it can extend to a max height of up to 56 feet, allowing operators to reach difficult places all over a job site.

2. Lifting Capacity: Genie telehandlers are known for their exceptional lifting capacity, making them capable of handling heavy loads even at maximum reach heights. The capacity of these machines range from 1,900- 12,000 lbs. depending on the model and lift height of each vehicle.

3. Maneuverability: These machines are highly maneuverable, thanks to their 4-wheel steering and all-terrain capabilities. They can navigate challenging job sites, including construction sites, industrial facilities, and agricultural operations. This allows them to move wherever they are needed most with ease.

4. Attachment Versatility: Genie telehandlers are designed to accommodate various attachments, such as forks, buckets, and grapples, allowing for seamless adaptation to different tasks. This versatility is important due to the unpredictability of many projects.

5. Safety Features: They come equipped with safety features like stability systems and operator aids to ensure safe operation, especially at significant heights. This will give your operators peace of mind even while carrying loads at max height.

Applications of Genie Telehandlers

Genie telehandlers are versatile and find applications in several industries:

1. Construction: They are a staple on construction sites, assisting with tasks like material handling, high-reaching jobs, and load placement. They are able to do the job of both a forklift and a crane and can keep construction running smoothly.

2. Agriculture: In farming and agriculture, these machines help with tasks such as bale handling, hay stacking, and general farm maintenance. These bales of hay can often weigh over 1,000 lbs. and require dependable machinery to move them over rough terrain.

3. Mining: The mining industry benefits from their lifting capacities for moving heavy materials and equipment. Mines usually features difficult terrain that requires equipment with off-road tires like a telehandler.

4. Landscaping: In landscaping and gardening, these machines are used for tasks such as tree planting, land grading, and turf installation. Telehandlers are able to move material in many hard to reach areas of these projects.

5. Infrastructure Development: In large-scale infrastructure projects, they assist with material transportation and equipment positioning.


Genie telehandlers have revolutionized material handling and lifting capabilities across various industries. Their combination of telescopic reach, lifting power, and adaptability through attachments makes them an indispensable asset for operators and businesses. Whether it’s a construction site, a farm, a warehouse, or any other challenging work environment, these machines offer the versatility and efficiency required to get the job done.

As industries continue to evolve and demand more from their heavy machinery, Genie telehandlers remain a testament to innovation and adaptability in the world of construction and material handling equipment. Their ability to reach new heights and handle materials with precision has undoubtedly lifted the standards for efficiency and productivity in the workplace.

Flash Floor Warehouse Repair

Warehouses are the backbone of supply chains and distribution networks. Ensuring the smooth flow of goods within these bustling hubs is paramount. The foundation of warehouse efficiency lies in the durability and functionality of the flooring. Warehouse floors endure continuous stress from heavy loads, forklift traffic, and equipment movement. Any damage or wear and tear can disrupt operations, leading to costly downtimes. This is where Flash Floor steps in, offering efficient warehouse flooring repairs for a much lower cost.

Flash Floor Repair

Flash Floor is a cutting-edge technology designed for rapid and effective warehouse flooring repairs. It’s a versatile solution that addresses common issues like cracks, spalling, and surface damage, ensuring that your warehouse floor is back in action in no time.

The Benefits of Flash Floor

1. Minimal Downtime: Traditional warehouse floor repairs often require lengthy curing times. Flash Floor, however, is known for its rapid curing. This means you can get your warehouse back to full operational capacity quickly, minimizing disruptions to your workflow. With Flash Floor your floor can be forklift ready in only 15 minutes.

2. Cost-Effective: The efficiency of Flash Floor directly translates to cost savings. With less downtime and reduced labor requirements, it’s an economically attractive solution for warehouse owners.

3. Durability: Once applied, it forms a resilient, long-lasting surface that can withstand heavy traffic and wear. It ensures the longevity of your warehouse flooring, reducing the need for frequent repairs.

4. Versatility: Flash Floor can be applied to a variety of surfaces, including concrete, ensuring that it’s suitable for different types of warehouse floors.

5. Seamless Appearance: This product offers a smooth, attractive finish, improving the overall aesthetics of your warehouse. It’s an investment that not only enhances functionality but also your workspace’s visual appeal.

Common Uses of Flash Floor in Warehouse Flooring Repairs

1. Crack Repair: The repair kit can effectively fill and seal cracks in the warehouse floor, preventing them from expanding and causing further damage. This is crucial for maintaining a safe and even surface.

2. Spalling and Surface Damage: Over time, the surface of a warehouse floor can deteriorate due to heavy use. Flash Floor can resurface and repair such damage, rejuvenating the flooring.

3. Joint Fill: Warehouse floors often have expansion joints to accommodate natural movement and prevent cracking. This product can be used to fill these joints, creating a seamless and even surface.

In the fast-paced world of warehousing, any downtime can be costly and disruptive. This product emerges as a brilliant solution to address common flooring issues, ensuring that your warehouse floor remains a solid foundation for your operations. Its rapid curing, durability, and cost-effectiveness make it a smart choice for warehouse owners looking to enhance both functionality and aesthetics. With Flash Floor, you’re not just repairing your warehouse floor; you’re illuminating the path to efficiency, productivity, and success in your warehouse operations.

A Guide to Toyota Forklift Classes

Toyota is a globally recognized name in material handling equipment, and their forklifts are no exception. Toyota’s forklift range is known for its reliability, durability, and innovation, catering to a wide array of industries and applications. This guide will explore the different classes of Toyota forklifts to help you make an informed choice for your business needs.

Toyota Forklift Full Line

Class I: Electric Motor Rider Trucks

Class I forklifts, also known as electric motor rider trucks, are versatile, emission-free solutions for indoor use. They are perfect for tasks in confined spaces and include a variety of models for different applications. This class includes popular models such as the 3-wheel electric forklift ,core electric forklift, and standup rider.

Class II: Electric Motor Narrow Aisle Trucks

These forklifts are designed for efficient operation in tight spaces. Toyota offers order pickers and reach trucks within this class, allowing for high-density storage and order fulfillment. These vehicles allow to maximize the space in your warehouse and save your business money.

Class III: Electric Motor Hand Trucks

Class III electric motor hand trucks are suitable for light-duty material handling and pedestrian operation. These include models like electric-walkie pallet jacks and tow tractors. This equipment is simple to use and is an easy way to boost productivity.

Class IV: Internal Combustion Engine Trucks – Cushion Tires

Class IV forklifts feature cushion tires and are intended for indoor use on smooth, dry surfaces. They excel at loading and unloading tasks in warehouses. These vehicles are what many people think of when they picture a forklift and include models such as the core IC cushion forklift. They are dependable forklifts that have served businesses for decades.

Class V: Internal Combustion Engine Trucks – Pneumatic Tires

Equipped with pneumatic tires, Class V forklifts are designed for outdoor use. They handle rough and uneven terrain and are commonly used in construction and industrial outdoor environments. This class features Toyota’s core, mid, and large IC pneumatic forklifts that keep loads stable on the most challenging terrains.

Class VI: Electric and Internal Combustion Engine Tractors

Class VI forklifts are versatile tractors used for towing and tugging tasks. These machines are vital in various industries such as manufacturing and logistics. Toyota’s large tow tractors which are often used at airports can tow up to 50,000 lbs. and feature an extremely tight turn radius.

Class VII: Rough Terrain Forklift Trucks

Class VII forklifts are heavy-duty machines specifically designed for rugged outdoor environments. With their robust designs and large pneumatic tires, they excel in challenging terrains such as construction sites, farms, and lumberyards. These forklifts can lift anywhere from 15,000-25,000 lbs. and are usually diesel powered.


Toyota’s extensive range of forklift classes provides solutions for an array of industries and applications. When selecting the right forklift for your business, consider factors such as the specific application, load capacity, environment, and terrain conditions. Toyota’s reputation for quality and innovation ensures that you can find the perfect forklift to enhance productivity and efficiency in your material handling operations.

Toyota Forklifts for Cold Storage

Cold storage facilities are vital for preserving temperature-sensitive goods, including frozen foods and pharmaceuticals. Operating in these frigid environments presents unique challenges, requiring specialized equipment for optimal performance. Toyota, a renowned name in innovation and reliability, offers a range of forklift solutions tailored explicitly to address the demands of cold storage facilities. These demands include operator safety, battery drainage, and a required absence of carbon emissions.

Cold Storage Forklift

The Challenge of Cold Storage

Cold storage environments introduce specific hurdles:

  • Low Temperatures: Facilities maintain temperatures as low as -20 degrees Celsius (-4 degrees Fahrenheit) or lower, making it challenging for conventional forklifts to operate effectively.
  • Safety Concerns: Cold conditions create slippery surfaces, heightening the risk of accidents. Forklifts need advanced safety features to mitigate these hazards.
  • Productivity Demands: Cold storage facilities often require high throughput rates to meet customer demands. Any equipment downtime or inefficiencies can disrupt operations and lead to financial losses

Toyota’s Cold Storage Forklift Solutions

Toyota has earned its reputation for engineering top-quality forklifts across various industries. When it comes to cold storage, the company offers specialized solutions designed to overcome these unique challenges:

  • Cold Storage Protection Package: Toyota’s cold storage protection package includes crucial features such as specialized lubricants, hydraulic heaters, and extended radiator screens. These modifications ensure that the forklift remains operational and reliable even in sub-zero temperatures.
  • Cold Storage Cabin: Some Toyota forklift models come equipped with enclosed, heated cabins. These cabins keep operators warm and comfortable during extended shifts in freezing temperatures. This not only enhances operator productivity but also promotes safety by reducing the risk of cold-related illnesses.
  • Chilled and Freezer Forklifts: Toyota provides electric forklifts suitable for both chilled and freezer applications. These forklifts are engineered to perform efficiently in cold environments without sacrificing power or productivity. Additionally, they feature longer battery life and reduced maintenance requirements.
  • Anti-Corrosion Measures: Given the use of corrosive chemicals for de-icing in cold storage facilities, Toyota forklifts designed for these environments incorporate anti-corrosion features. These features protect critical components from deterioration.
  • Safety Enhancements: Safety remains a top priority in cold storage facilities. Toyota forklifts can be outfitted with additional safety features, including improved lighting, audible alarms, and cold-resistant tires, ensuring safe and efficient operations.

Toyota’s commitment to innovation and quality extends to its forklift solutions for cold storage facilities. By choosing Toyota, businesses can ensure that their operations remain efficient, safe, and reliable, even in the harshest of cold storage environments. Investing in Toyota forklifts is not merely a choice for today but a strategic decision for the long-term success of cold storage facilities.

Maximizing Warehouse Efficiency with Toyota Narrow Aisle Forklifts

Efficient warehousing is a crucial component of many businesses. To optimize space utilization and streamline operations, businesses turn to innovative solutions such as narrow aisle forklifts. Among the leaders in this industry, Toyota has consistently delivered high-quality forklifts that not only enhance productivity but also have a significant impact on warehouse storage.

Toyota Order Picker

The Need for Narrow Aisle Forklifts

Traditional forklifts are indispensable in most warehouses. However, as businesses aim to increase inventory turnover rates, they often face space constraints. This is where narrow aisle forklifts come into play. These specialized machines are designed to navigate tight spaces and aisles with ease, allowing businesses to make the most of their available storage space.

Here’s how Toyota’s expertise in this area impacts warehouse storage:

1. Space Optimization:
Toyota narrow aisle forklifts are engineered to operate efficiently in spaces as narrow as 1.6 meters (around 5.2 feet). This means businesses can maximize their vertical storage space while still allowing easy access to products. As a result, warehouses can store more goods without expanding their footprint.

2. Precision Handling:
Toyota’s narrow aisle forklifts are known for their precision and maneuverability. With features like fingertip controls and exceptional visibility, operators can navigate narrow aisles safely and with utmost control. This reduces the risk of product damage and enhances overall warehouse safety.

3. Increased Productivity:
The speed and agility of Toyota narrow aisle forklifts translate into improved productivity. These forklifts can swiftly transport goods within the warehouse, reducing travel times and increasing the number of picks per hour. This boost in efficiency is a game-changer for businesses looking to meet high-demand scenarios.

4. Versatility:
Toyota offers a range of narrow aisle forklift models to suit various warehouse needs. Whether you require reach trucks, order pickers, or stackers, Toyota’s product lineup provides versatile options to match your specific storage requirements.

Toyota Narrow Aisle Forklifts


The Impact on Warehouse Storage Efficiency

The adoption of Toyota narrow aisle forklifts can have a profound impact on warehouse storage efficiency:

1. Increased Storage Capacity:
By utilizing narrow aisle forklifts, warehouses can store more goods in the same square footage. This is particularly beneficial for businesses operating in expensive real estate markets, where maximizing space is essential.

2. Better Accessibility:
Toyota’s forklifts can reach higher shelves and tighter spaces with ease. This means that even the most out-of-reach items can be accessed quickly and efficiently, reducing the time and labor required for each pick.

3. Reduced Handling Costs:
The precision and efficiency of Toyota narrow aisle forklifts reduce labor and operational costs. Businesses can achieve more with fewer resources, making it a cost-effective solution in the long run.


In today’s fast-paced and competitive business environment, efficient warehouse storage is key to success. Toyota narrow aisle forklifts have proven to be a valuable asset for businesses seeking to optimize their storage space and enhance overall productivity. With their precision, versatility, and ergonomic design, these forklifts are not only a practical investment but also a strategic one for businesses looking to save space in their warehouse.

Toyota’s Paper Roll Special Forklift

Forklifts are used for a large number of applications across the industrial world. Most commonly they are equipped with forks that allow them to pick up loads and transport them throughout facilities. However, some loads are not suited for the traditional forklift due to their size or shape. In order to move a very specialized cargo, Toyota has created the Paper Roll Special Forklift. This forklift is equipped with a paper roll clamp attachment from Cascade that replaces the forks and allows for safe transport of the rolls.

paper roll special forklift

The paper roll attachment tightly clamps onto these large paper rolls that weigh several thousand pounds each. These forklifts are able to lift up to 12,000 lbs. and stack paper rolls up to three high. The clamp is also important in keeping the easily damaged rolls safe while in transport around facilities.  The attachment comes with a built-in clamp leveling system that automatically positions the clamp vertical to the paper roll. The forklift’s Toyota 3.7-liter 4-cylinder engine is able to withstand the damp and humid conditions of a pulp processing environment and its fuel efficiency is perfect for 24/7  paper mill.

Certain industries require very specialized equipment and this forklift is one the best examples of this. The paper roll special forklift from Toyota is built to handle all the difficult conditions that come with the paper industry. Its specialized clamp, lifting power, and fuel efficiency will allow your business to run as smoothly as possible.


When is it Time to Replace Forklift Brakes?

In industries where the smooth movement of heavy materials is crucial, forklifts play an indispensable role. These powerful machines are relied upon to lift, carry, and transport goods within warehouses, distribution centers, construction sites, and more. However, with great power comes the need for great safety, and one critical aspect of forklift safety is maintaining its braking system. In this article, we’ll delve into the signs that indicate it’s time to replace forklift brakes to ensure the safety of operators, personnel, and the efficiency of operations.

Forklift Brakes

Signs that it’s Time to Replace Forklift Brakes

1. Decreased Stopping Power: If you notice that the forklift’s stopping distance has increased or if the vehicle feels sluggish when coming to a halt, it could be a sign that the brakes are worn out and need replacement.

2. Squealing or Grinding Noises: Unusual and persistent squealing or grinding noises while applying the brakes might indicate that the brake pads or linings have worn down to the point where metal is grinding against metal. This is a clear indication that immediate replacement is necessary.

3. Vibration or Shaking: When braking, if you feel significant vibrations or shaking in the forklift, it could be due to uneven brake pad wear or issues with the brake rotors. Ignoring this could lead to further damage to the braking system.

4. Soft or Spongy Brake Pedal: A brake pedal that sinks easily to the floor or feels spongy when pressed might suggest air in the brake lines or a fluid leak. Both scenarios require immediate attention to maintain proper brake function.

5. Warning Lights: Many modern forklifts are equipped with brake warning lights on the dashboard. If these lights illuminate, it’s a clear indicator that the brake system needs inspection and potential replacement.

6. Uneven Braking: If the forklift pulls to one side when braking or if you notice uneven wear on the brake pads, it could signify issues with the brake calipers or other components that need addressing.

Regular Maintenance and Inspection

Preventive maintenance is key to ensuring the longevity and functionality of any machinery, including forklifts. Regularly scheduled maintenance should include thorough inspections of the brake system. This involves checking brake fluid levels, examining brake lines for leaks, measuring brake pad thickness, and evaluating the overall condition of brake components.

Forklifts are an essential part of many industries, and their safe operation relies heavily on functional brakes. Recognizing the signs that it’s time to replace forklift brakes is not only crucial for the safety of operators and personnel but also for maintaining efficient operations and preventing costly downtime. Whether it’s diminished stopping power, unusual noises, or any of the other signs mentioned, prompt action is necessary to address brake issues and ensure that these powerful machines operate as intended. Regular maintenance and timely brake replacements are investments in both safety and productivity.

What is a Marina Forklift?

While marina forklifts might not be as glamorous as sleek yachts or speedy jet skis, they play an indispensable role in the smooth functioning of marinas and boatyards. A marina forklift, also known as a boat hoist or marine lift, is a specialized vehicle designed to lift, transport, and store boats and other watercraft. From small fishing boats to large sailboats, marina forklifts come in various sizes to accommodate different vessels.

How Marina Forklifts Work

Marina forklifts operate on a simple yet ingenious principle. They use a combination of hydraulic power, sturdy arms, and lifting straps or slings to hoist boats out of the water and transfer them to dry land or storage racks. These machines are often equipped with adjustable arms and lifting slings that can be customized to fit the unique shape and size of each boat. This adaptability ensures that boats are handled gently and securely during the lifting process.

Toyota Marina Forklift

Applications of Marina Forklifts

1. Launching and Retrieval: One of the primary functions of a marina forklift is to safely launch boats into the water and retrieve them back onto dry land. This process is crucial for boat owners and enthusiasts who want to enjoy the open water while keeping their vessels well-maintained.

2. Maintenance and Repairs: Marina forklifts are essential for performing routine maintenance and repairs on boats. By lifting boats out of the water, technicians can inspect hulls, clean propellers, apply antifouling paint, and carry out other essential tasks to ensure the vessels remain in top condition.

3. Storage and Winterization: During off-seasons or when boats are not in use, marina forklifts come into play for storage and winterization. These vehicles can transport boats to storage areas, such as dry racks or boatyards, protecting them from the harsh effects of prolonged water exposure.

4. Emergency Situations: In emergency scenarios such as storms or potential hazards in the water, marina forklifts can be used to swiftly remove boats from the water, preventing potential damage and ensuring the safety of both vessels and personnel.

The Future of Marina Forklifts

As technology continues to advance, marina forklifts are also evolving. Some modern marina forklifts are equipped with digital controls, advanced weight distribution systems, and remote operation capabilities, making the lifting process even more precise and efficient. Additionally, there is a growing emphasis on designing environmentally-friendly models that prioritize energy efficiency and reduced emissions.


Though often overlooked, marina forklifts are the unsung heroes of the maritime industry. They ensure that boats are safely launched, maintained, and stored, contributing to the enjoyment and longevity of watercraft for enthusiasts and professionals alike. As we continue to explore and appreciate the world of boating, let’s not forget to give a nod of appreciation to these remarkable machines that keep our maritime adventures afloat. To request more information about Toyota Marina Forklifts click here.

5 Must-Have Accessories for Forklift Safety

Forklifts are powerful machines that significantly enhance efficiency in various industries. However, their operation comes with inherent risks that can lead to accidents and injuries. To mitigate these risks, incorporating the right forklift safety accessories are crucial. Five of the best forklift safety accessories are blue lights, seat belts, halo lights, dome mirrors, and backup alarms, each contributing to creating a safer and more secure work environment.

1. Blue Lights for Enhanced Visibility

Blue lights, also known as blue spotlights, are revolutionary accessories designed to enhance pedestrian safety in bustling work environments. These lights project a distinct blue beam onto the ground ahead of or behind the moving forklift, alerting pedestrians to its presence. This visual cue serves as a warning for people to steer clear of the forklift’s path, ultimately reducing the likelihood of collisions and accidents. Blue lights are especially useful in noisy areas where auditory cues might be less effective.

Toyota Forklift Blue Light

2. Seat Belts for Operator Restraint

Seat belts are a fundamental safety accessory, commonly used in vehicles to protect occupants during sudden stops or collisions. Similarly, forklifts are equipped with seat belts to keep operators securely fastened while operating the machine. This accessory prevents ejection in case of abrupt movements and contributes to maintaining operator safety during shifts.

Forklift Seat Belt

3. Halo Lights for 360-Degree Awareness

Halo lights, also referred to as overhead warning lights, provide comprehensive visibility by casting a bright, easily visible circle of light around the forklift. These lights help pedestrians and other operators recognize the forklift’s dimensions and movement, reducing the risk of collisions from all directions.

Toyota Forklift Halo Lights

4. Dome Mirrors for Enhanced Visibility

Dome mirrors are convex mirrors strategically placed on the forklift to eliminate blind spots. These mirrors offer a wider field of view, allowing operators to see areas that are typically not visible from the driver’s seat. Dome mirrors enhance overall situational awareness and minimize the risk of collisions with obstacles or pedestrians.

5. Backup Alarms for Auditory Warning

Backup alarms, also known as reverse alarms, emit a loud, distinctive sound when the forklift is in reverse gear. This auditory warning alerts pedestrians and nearby workers that the forklift is backing up, giving them ample time to move out of the way and preventing potential accidents.

Forklift Backup Alarm

Prioritizing forklift safety is an essential responsibility for any business that utilizes these machines. Incorporating safety accessories such as blue lights, seat belts, halo lights, dome mirrors, and backup alarms can significantly reduce the risk of accidents, protect operators and pedestrians, and enhance overall workplace safety. By investing in these accessories and implementing comprehensive safety protocols, businesses can create a secure environment where productivity and well-being go hand in hand.